English football officials seven times more likely to be verbally abused than European counterparts
The comparative scale of English football’s culture of referee abuse is laid bare by new research showing that match officials in France and Holland are more than seven times less likely to endure frequent verbal abuse.
In what is the biggest study of its sort - and the first that allows direct comparisons across countries - researchers discovered a series of common issues in Europe, but stark differences in the regularity of abuse compared to their previous findings in England.
In Holland, just 2.2 per cent of referees said that they experienced verbal abuse in every game or couple of games.
This figure was 14.4 per cent when English officials were asked.